Volume 11 Issue 1
Apr.  2020
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Xueru Yang, Xinwei Tan, Chuanwu Chen, Yanping Wang. 2020: The influence of urban park characteristics on bird diversity in Nanjing, China. Avian Research, 11(1): 45. doi: 10.1186/s40657-020-00234-5
Citation: Xueru Yang, Xinwei Tan, Chuanwu Chen, Yanping Wang. 2020: The influence of urban park characteristics on bird diversity in Nanjing, China. Avian Research, 11(1): 45. doi: 10.1186/s40657-020-00234-5

The influence of urban park characteristics on bird diversity in Nanjing, China

doi: 10.1186/s40657-020-00234-5

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 31971545

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 31770462

Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province LZ18C030002

More Information
  • Corresponding author: Yanping Wang, wangyp214@gmail.com
  • Received Date: 05 Aug 2020
  • Accepted Date: 05 Nov 2020
  • Publish Date: 18 Nov 2020
  • Background  Habitat loss, fragmentation and decrease of habitat quality caused by urbanization have led to a dramatic decline in biodiversity worldwide. For highly urbanized areas, parks have become "islands" or habitat fragments for wildlife. As an important indicator group of urban ecosystem health, the response of birds to urbanization has attracted the global attention of ecologists. Understanding the key factors affecting bird diversity in urbanized environment is crucial to the protection of biodiversity in urban ecosystems.
    Methods  We used the line-transect method to survey birds in 37 urban parks in Nanjing, China. We also measured a number of park characteristics (area, isolation, shape index, environmental noise, distance to city center, and habitat diversity) that are commonly assumed to influence bird diversity. We then used the information-theoretic multi-model inference approach to determine which park characteristics had significant impacts on bird species richness.
    Results  We found that park area, habitat diversity and the distance to city center were the best positive predictors of bird species richness in Nanjing urban parks. By contrast, park isolation, park shape and environmental noise had little or no influence on bird diversity.
    Conclusions  Our study highlights the importance of park area, habitat diversity and the distance to city center in determining bird diversity in Nanjing city parks. Therefore, from a conservation viewpoint, we recommend that large parks with complex and diverse habitats far away from the city center should be retained or constructed to increase bird diversity in urban design and planning.


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